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UofL Health

Common Injuries by Sport

Athletes in every sport experience injuries.  Knowing about the most common injuries for the sports in which you participate allows you to  identify problems and address concerns with your trainer or physician.

Select a sport:


Baseball Injuries

Baseball injuries mostly effect the shoulders, elbows, knees and ankles. They often result from the overuse of the arm and legs during the game. A lot of the time an injury from baseball starts small and gets progressively worse. Some of the top baseball injuries are:

  • SLAP tear
  • Sprained shoulder
  • Torn labrum
  • UCL injury
  • Elbow tendonitis
  • Rotator cuff tear
  • Torn Meniscus
  • Elbow inflammation
  • ACL, MCL & PCL injuries
  • Head injuries


Basketball Injuries

As a result of hard landings, fast movements and contact with other players, common basketball injuries include jammed fingers, sprained ankles, knee injuries, facial cuts and foot fractures.


Cycling Injuries

Cycling injuries happen mainly to the overuse of the legs or knee, however if you experience a trauma injury, you are usually experiencing it in the head, knee, leg or arm. The way that a bicycle fits is extremely important when cycling; an improper fit can lead to excess strain and pressure on your knees and lower back.


Football Injuries

Football injuries are mainly caused by contact to the body or overuse of a body part. Traumatic injuries are more common, given the high-impact and intensity of the game. The most common injury sites include the knees, ankles, shoulders, fingers and head.


Golf Injuries

Although golf is pretty low impact sport, there are several injuries that you can obtain from this sport. Poor mechanics and overuse often cause these conditions that you might experience. The most injured area is the lower back, followed by the shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand. Hours spent hunched over your club and continuous rotation of the back and hips can result in extreme back pain.


Lacrosse

Lacrosse is a high-energy sport that challenges the entire body. Lacrosse players also experience a range of injuries that can be significant, depending on the level of play – and whether men’s or women’s leagues. While considered a contact sport for men, lacrosse is considered non-contact for women – and therefore the different protective gear providers players with varying protection. Most players experience general sprains and strains, and across levels most players at some point come into contact with an opponent’s stick and ball. This can result in head injuries and concussion. Rib fractures can also be a common injury.


Running Injuries

Shin splints, stress fractures, IT Band problems and exertional compartment syndrome can all make running a painful experience. Running injuries generally occur in the lower half of your body, however a lot of runners experience back pain as well. Because of the way that running transfers energy throughout the body, the feet, ankles, knees and hips are all connected and affected by the shock absorbance.


Soccer

Lower extremity injuries are common in soccer. These injuries can be traumatic. While sprains and strains are the most common challenge, players can also experience ACL sprains, cartilage tears, or fractures from aggressive play. Overuse injuries can include stress fractures, shin splints, tendinitis, and strains to the groin, calf and thigh. Head and neck trauma can be severe, and concussion can be a concern for more fast-paced, aggressive players.


Tennis Injuries

Back pain, tennis elbow, wrist strains and rotating cuff tendinitis are all common injuries for tennis players. If you start feel sudden sharp pains or joints starting to pop, get care immediately.


Volleyball

Volleyball players are fortunate to experience a low occurrence of serious player injury. However, those who participate regularly – and elite players – do experience several common issues. As with many competitive sports, young players and those who train at a higher pace often struggle with overuse injuries. Knee, lower back, shoulder, and hand injuries are also common. Sprained fingers are the most frequently experienced injury but are mild, and generally allow players to return to play quickly.