Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability. Most often, TBI results from injuries sustained in motor vehicle collisions and falls. Sports injuries, violence and work-related injuries also contribute to these statistics. The physicians at UofL Physicians – Neurosurgery are experts in the surgical and medical treatment of brain injuries and offer the following tips for prevention and treatment.


The only complete cure for brain injury is prevention, and the majority of traumatic brain injuries are preventable. You can minimize your chances of injury by following these tips:

  • Home: Ensure adequate lighting; remove loose throw rugs; lock basement doors to prevent accidental falls.
  • Work: Maintain a clutter-free environment, follow appropriate OSHA guidelines (harnesses, hardhats, etc.) and use tools appropriate for the job. Never stand on the top step of a ladder.
  • Sports: Use appropriate safety gear (helmets and mouth gear) and playing techniques (avoid head butting, heading the ball, etc.).
  • Travel: Wear a seatbelt or helmet; do not drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol; do not text and drive.
  • Youth: Never shake or strike an infant or small child; carefully monitor children on elevated surfaces (bed, couch, etc.). Fasten tall and top-heavy furniture to the wall to avoid toppling.


It’s important to seek medical attention any time you sustain a blow to the head that causes any of the following:

  • Loss of consciousness (“passing out”) for more than five minutes
  • Persistent confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Differences in the sizes of the pupils
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Article by: UofL Health

UofL Health is a fully integrated regional academic health system with eight hospitals, four medical centers, Brown Cancer Center, Eye Institute, nearly 200 physician practice locations, and more than 1,000 providers in Louisville and the surrounding counties, including southern Indiana. Additional access to UofL Health is provided through a partnership with Carroll County Memorial Hospital. With more than 13,000 team members – physicians, surgeons, nurses, pharmacists and other highly-skilled health care professionals, UofL Health is focused on one mission: to transform the health of communities we serve through compassionate, innovative, patient-centered care.

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