What is Lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system which includes the lymph nodes, thymus gland, bone marrow and spleen. There are many types of lymphoma, with the main types being Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

According to the American Cancer Society, more than 8,000 new cases of Hodgkin lymphoma are expected to be detected in 2020 with nearly 1,000 people dying from the disease.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is more common than Hodgkin lymphoma. The American Cancer Society estimates more than 77,000 people will be diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and nearly 20,000 will die from this cancer in 2020.

Symptoms for both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are similar and can include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Weight loss
  • Difficulty breathing and/or chest pain
  • Rash
  • Itchy skin

Hodgkin lymphoma is often diagnosed early and is considered one of the most treatable cancers. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is typically not diagnosed until it has reached a more advanced stage. There are several treatment options for lymphoma patients, including chemotherapy, radiation and immunotherapy.

Experts say people with immune deficiencies, autoimmune diseases and certain chronic infections have an increased risk of lymphoma.

At UofL Health – Brown Cancer Center and in our Blood Cancers, Cellular Therapeutics and Transplant Program, a team of experts are focused on lymphoma. To make an appointment, call 502-562-HOPE (4673).

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Article by: Mohamed Hegazi, M.D.

Mohamed Hegazi, M.D., is a medical oncologist and hematologist with UofL Health – Brown Cancer Center where he works with the Blood Cancers, Cellular Therapeutics and Transplant Program (BCT). He specializes in cellular therapy and bone marrow transplants treating cancers of the blood and bone marrow including leukemia and lymphoma. He completed his residency in internal medicine at Jersey Shore University Medical Center and a fellowship in hematology and oncology at the University of Louisville School of Medicine. Dr. Hegazi is also involved with the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society and was one of the society’s nominees for “Man of the Year” in 2019. He now serves as the Section Chief of BCT.

All posts by Mohamed Hegazi, M.D.
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